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校园铜钟
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最后更新2019-3-9 13:10:21
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校园铜钟

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校园铜钟-校园铜钟-铜钟在我国古代发挥了重要的作用,早在原始社会就已经作为礼器出现了,不过最初的铜钟是以木制或者陶制的,到了青铜器时代,也就是商周时期,才出现了青铜钟。铜钟已经有上千年的历史了,在我国历史上发挥了重要的作用,现在铜钟大多是以寺院法器出现,其实在古代铜钟还有其他的作用和用途。

Bronze bells played an important role in ancient China. They appeared as ceremonial vessels in primitive society. However, the original bronze bells were made of wood or pottery. Only in the Bronze Age, that is, Shang and Zhou Dynasties, did bronze bells appear. Copper bells have a history of thousands of years and played an important role in the history of our country. Now most of the copper bells appear as monasteries. In fact, there are other functions and uses of the ancient copper bells.

1.乐器,在古代的时候铜钟是祭祀、宴飨必不可少的乐器,属于八音之一。

1. Musical instruments, in ancient times, the bronze bell was an indispensable musical instrument for sacrifice and feast, belonging to one of the eight tones.

2.佛教法器,从佛教传入我国以后,铜钟就逐渐的成为了佛教的代表,成为了佛教的法器,即使是在现在,铜钟依然是佛教、寺院的标志。

2. After Buddhism was introduced into China, the bronze bell has gradually become a representative of Buddhism and a Buddhist instrument. Even now, the bronze bell is still a symbol of Buddhism and monasteries.

3。王权的象征,在古代铜鼎是王权、统治者的象征,同样,铜钟也是统治阶级王权的象征,自唐代以后,历代封建统治者都竞相铸造各种朝钟、佛钟、道钟、乐钟,并且越铸越大,以求达到彰显自己神权和政权的地位来巩固统治的目的。

3。 The symbol of kingship is the symbol of kingship and ruler in ancient times。 Similarly, the bronze bell is also the symbol of the kingship of the ruling class。 Since the Tang Dynasty, the feudal rulers of all dynasties have been competing to forge all kinds of bells, Buddha bells, Tao bells and music bells, and the bigger and bigger, in order to achieve the purpose of consolidating their rule by demonstrating their theocracy and regime status。

铜钟是从我国古代流传下来的传统工艺,距今已经有几千年的历史了。随着雕刻技术水平的不断提高,现在铜钟技术已经很晚上,铜钟市场也越来越活跃。但是无论铜钟技术多么完善,都会面临一个问题,就是铜钟保养问题。如何保养铜钟才能延长它的寿命,才能使它长时间保持光鲜亮丽的一面?

Copper bell is a traditional craft handed down from ancient China。 It has a history of several thousand years。 With the continuous improvement of engraving technology, now the technology of copper bell has been very late, and the market of copper bell is becoming more and more active。 However, no matter how perfect the technology of the copper bell is, it will face a problem, that is, the maintenance of the copper bell。 How to maintain the copper bell to prolong its life and keep its bright side for a long time?

铜钟因为材质的缘故易于腐蚀破坏,因此铜钟的保养就显得尤其重要,好的保养可以极大程度的延长铜钟的寿命,保留它独特的美丽。

Copper bell is easy to corrode and destroy because of its material, so the maintenance of copper bell is particularly important。 Good maintenance can greatly prolong the life of copper bell and retain its unique beauty。

铜钟的保养,总的来说有三个方法,第一个方法是氧化银法:氧化银与铜接触可以发生化学反应生成结构稳定的不易被腐蚀的中性盐类物质,可以很好的起到防腐蚀的保护作用。具体方法是先用机械方法除掉铜钟表面的锈迹然后涂上融化的氧化银置于低温环境下充分的反应,直到反应不再发生为止。第二个方法是碱性置换法,将腐蚀的铜钟置于碳酸氢钠的碱性溶液中充分的浸泡,使得腐蚀的铜生成稳定的碳酸铜,不再腐蚀,这一方法需要的时间较长。最后一个方法也是化学方法,用苯丙三氮唑涂在铜钟的表面,苯丙三氮唑可以与铜反应生成稳定的络合物,起到防腐蚀的保护作用。

Generally speaking, there are three methods for the maintenance of copper bells. The first method is silver oxide method. The contact between silver oxide and copper can produce neutral salts with stable structure and not easy to be corroded, which can play a good role in the protection of corrosion. The specific method is to remove the rust on the surface of the copper bell by mechanical method, then coat it with melted silver oxide and react sufficiently at low temperature until the reaction does not occur. The second method is the alkaline replacement method, in which the corroded copper bell is fully immersed in the alkaline solution of sodium bicarbonate, so that the corroded copper can form stable copper carbonate and no longer corrode. This method takes a long time. The last method is chemical method. Phenylpropyltriazole is coated on the surface of copper bell. Phenylpropyltriazole can react with copper to form a stable complex, which plays a protective role against corrosion.

 

铜钟,顾名思义就是用粘土塑制成各种形象的一种工艺雕刻。已经入选为我国的非物质文化遗产。近年来,随着社会的发展,雕塑行业也逐步的活跃起来,其中铜钟也受到了人们的欢迎。那么该如何保养铜钟呢?
    由于铜钟是用粘土制作的,所以极易损坏,那么在保养方面应该注意:
    1. 注意自然环境,日晒、雨淋以及风沙的侵袭,大气污染物的作用等等都会导致铜钟变质损坏,所以在摆放铜钟的时候要注意环境,创造良好的环境对铜钟的保养来说很重要
    2. 要控制好室内的温度,潮湿对铜钟来说危害很大,要注意通风,空气清洁干燥
    3. 避免光的影响,不要让光直接照射到铜钟上,有效地消除光线对铜钟的损害,要防止灰尘、煤烟以及各种有害气体对铜钟的危害. 作为个人收藏的中小泥型塑,也应遵守以上保管事宜。

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